Children with Special Educational Needs (SEN) and/or Disabilities are much more likely to be excluded from school than their classmates. Only the head teacher of a school (or the teacher in charge of a pupil referral unit or the principal of an academy) can exclude a pupil. Permanent and fixed term are the only types of exclusion from a school which are lawful.

Fixed term exclusion - this is when the head teacher excludes a pupil for a period of time. This may be from a lunchtime (classed as half a day) up to 45 school days per academic year.

Permanent exclusion - this is when a pupil is permanently excluded from the school
and removed from the school roll; an alternative school must be found following a
permanent exclusion.

A head teacher can exclude a pupil because:

  1. There has been a serious or continuous breach of the school’s behaviour policy
  2. Where allowing the pupil to remain in school would seriously harm the education or
    welfare of the pupil

Read our guide on school exclusions here